Is Your Well-Being Determined by Your Self-Control?

Is Your Well-Being Determined by Your Self-Control?

An inner self refers to a personal, internal identity closely related to our personal values and core beliefs that forms our personality. It is a state of consciousness that can be accessed through introspection. Having awareness of our inner self is called “being self-conscious” (Shelley & Wicklund, 1972), knowing one’s internal states, preferences, resources and intuitions (Daniel Goleman) and helps promote self-acceptance and self-affirmation.

Everyone has different beliefs and values, and this makes each of us unique. Numerous studies have focused on the relations between beliefs and values and constructs of positive affectivity such as subjective well-being and satisfaction with life (Haslam, Whelan, & Bastian, 2009). However, there are studies that show the opposite (Jarden, 2010).

Having only achieved self-consciousness is not enough to determine a person’s well-being. This can be demonstrated by referring to cases when a person holding irrational beliefs and values might lead to negative effects on his/her well-being (Schermer, Vernon, Maio, & Jang, 2011). For example: the belief of wanting to be liked by everyone. Since each person is a unique existence, it is fine to encounter conflict between one another. Another point that can be made is that since most of our inner states is our desires, needs, and wants, the overabundance of these could lead to a person being involved in something immoral or leading to cognitive dissonances.

The differences in personality are also related to a person’s well-being. Emotional stability, extraversion, and agreeableness are related to positive mental health. If a person is not stable in controlling their emotions, and has traits of neuroticism, it will then lead to low personal well-being (Lamers, Westerhof, Kovács, & Bohlmeijer, 2012).

This is when self-control comes in. If a person has irrational beliefs, while at the same time lacked self-control (Kocher, 2017) and highly relied on intuition with their dealings  (Ward & King, 2018), it might lead to tragedy, causing low personal well-being in the long term.


The significance of the study is that it intends to bring about discussions on the necessity of self-control even after the acknowledgment of self-awareness. Sometimes our personal beliefs can be irrational and lead to low sense of well-being. Which means that the possession of self-consciousness can be insufficient in determining a higher state of mental well-being.

Being rational and high in emotional stability can decrease the likelihood of depression and anxiety. This will decrease the percentage of depression and anxiety in clinical fields and further lead to a more healthy community.

Thus,  I would like to invite you to take part in a project being undertaken for undergraduate research. The study aims to investigate the influence of personal beliefs, personality, self-consciousness and self-control on well-being and the relationship between all the factors.

It is hoped that this study will contribute to the research field on personal well-being and improve on our life satisfaction. As part of this study, you are invited to complete a questionnaire, which should take 20 – 30 minutes. This study has received ethical approval from Sunway University (REC reference 201810078)

If you are 
(1) Malaysians and are
(2) Young adults aged 18-29 years old

This is the link to access the survey:  //

Thank you for your time to participate in this study. Wish you have a nice day onwards 


Researcher: Neo Wei Ing (Sunway University)



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